He Kept New Hampshire Beds Warm: Concord’s Louis F. Gillette (1857-1937)

Sketch included in Patent US 991844 A: Therapeutic bottle, by L.F. Gillett of Concord, NH.

In the early twentieth century most New Hampshire homes did not have central heating, and warming pans were in common use. These devices warmed up the sheets, and also kept the bed warm at least for a few hours, especially if you didn’t have a sleeping companion.

At first heated brick and hot stones were used. Later a warming pan would hold embers from the fire place. Eventually this device evolved into a closed metal container that held hot water. It was this latter sort of device that was produced by Louis F. Gillette in Concord, New Hampshire.

In 1910 L.F. Gillette submitted a patent for a “Therapeutic” bottle made of metal with a removable stopper. His improvement was making it not only a water bottle but “secondly, for use as a reservoir for a fountain syringe.” Continue reading

Pioneer Watchmaker and International Watch Company Founder: Rumney New Hampshire’s Florentine Ariosto Jones (1841-1916)

Is this Florentine Ariosto Jones?

Is this Florentine A. Jones?  [SEE original below. This is a closeup, and enhancement of same.].

Florentine Ariosto Jones is a name well known to watch makers and collectors.  He was the son of Solomon and Lavinia (Craig) Jones. He was born, grew up, and attended school, in the still small town of Rumney, New Hampshire.

Family stories say that two of his great uncles encouraged him to learn and become a watchmaker, and so he did. According to a book published by the IWC, Florentine apprenticed with a (unnamed) watchmaker in Concord, New Hampshire. [Editor’s note: my thanks for Roger Daniels former president of the Rumney Historical Society for his help with research into Florentine’s early life]. Continue reading

Lebanon New Hampshire’s Inventor, Mesmerist, Mental Healer, and "Father of New Thought": Phineas Parkhurst "Park" Quimby (1802-1866)

Phineas Parkhurst Quimby was born in 1802 to a blacksmith and his wife.

They moved to Belfast Maine when Phineas was two years old, and where Phineas apprenticed as a clock-maker. Otherwise he had very little formal education.

In 1838 he began to study a new technique called “mesmerism.” For several years he traveled with Lucius Burkmar giving exhibitions, and attracting the attention of the newspapers and general public. The “History of the City of Belfast in the State of Maine,” reports (on page 419) “In 1844, a successful surgical operation was performed on a lady while under mesmeric sleep, by Dr. A.T. Wheelock; the sleep having been induced by Mr. P.P. Quimby. An account of the experiment appeared in the “Boston Medical and Surgical Journal’ for May, 1845.”

Phineas P. Quimby

Phineas P. Quimby

Over time he developed a practice of mentally aiding healing of those with illnesses, opening his own office in 1859 in Portland, Maine. During the last eight years of his life, he treated over 12,000 ill people, using a technique he called “The Quimby System.”

Mary Baker Eddy (founder of the Christian Science movement) was once a student of Phineas Quimby. One source even goes so far to say that Mary Baker Eddy was loaned Quimby’s unpublished manuscripts, and that “after a long and bitter controversy, Mary Baker Eddy returned Quimby’s manuscripts to Quimby’s family, and in 1921 the Quimby Manuscripts were finally published in book form.”

Quimby believed that disease was caused by “wrong beliefs.” His principles and teachings are sometimes called “Quimbyism.”  He died in Belfast, Maine on 16 January 1866 of an abdominal tumor.

*Additional Reading*

Sketch of Phineas Quimby, by his son George Quimby-

The Collected Works of Phineas Parkhurst Quimby

Phineas Parkhurst Quimby Resource Center

The Quimby Manuscripts (PDF)

Dr. Quimby’s Discourse on Science


The likeness of Phineas Parkhurst Quimby is taken from The New England magazine, Volume 6, Issue 33, published in Boston MA, March 1888, page 261, as part of a biographical sketch written by his son George (see link above).


Robert Quimby, son of William, b. 1625 in Farnham, Surrey, England and d. 7 July 1677 in Amesbury MA. He m. 7 Jan 1653 in Amesbury MA to Elizabeth Osgood. She b. 1643 in Salisbury MA and d. 1694 in Amesbury MA. They had 7 children including +John Quimby, b. 7 Sep 1665 in Salisbury MA

John Quimby, son of Robert & Elizabeth (Osgood) Quimby, b. 7 Sep 1665 in Salisbury MA, Essex Co MA and d. 23 June 1717 in Newton, Middlesex Co MA. He m. 1687 in Salisbury MA to Mary Mudgett, dau of Thomas & Sarah (Clement) Mudgett. She b. 30 Apr 1667 in Salisbury MA and d. 17 Aug 1710 in Salisbury MA. He m2) 1 May 1713 in Watertown MA to Elizabeth Hyde. She b. 12 Dec 1703 in Newton MA and d. 8 March 1763 in Litchfield CT. He had 10 ch by his first wife, including his son, +Robert Quimby, b. 13 Dec 1701 in Salisbury MA.

Robert Quimby, son of John & Mary (Mudgett) Quimby, was b. 13 Dec 1701 in Salsibury, Essex Co MA and d. abt 1747. He m. 16 Dec 1725 in Hampton, Rockingham Co NH to Judith Sanborn, dau of Benjamin & Sarah (Worcester) Sanborn. She b. 26 Oct 1708 in Hampton NH.
Children of Robert & Judith (Sanborn) Quimby [may be more]:
1. Eleazer Quimby, b. 1728 Hampton Falls NH
2. Asahel Quimby, b. 1735 in Hampton Falls NH; father of Bradbury Quimby who m. Sarah Shackford, dau of John Shackford Jr, in in 1778. Bradbury had a ch. Charlotte Shackford who m. 1800 Capt. Noah Weeks.
3. Elisha Quimby, b. 1738 Hampton Falls NH
4. +Jacob Quimby, b. 20 June 1740 in Hampton Falls NH
5. Sarah Quimby, b. 30 Apr 1743 Hampton Falls NH

Jacob Quimby, son of Robert & Judith (Sanborn) Quimby, b. 20 June 1740 Hampton Falls, Rockingham Co NH and d. 11 Aug 1776 Hampton Falls, NH. He m. abt 1766 in Chester NH to Anna Robie, dau of John & Ann (Williams) Robie, and widow of Jonathan Towle. She b. 28 June 1743 in Chester NH and d. 5 July 1808. They lived in Chester NH on No. 63, 2d P., 2d D where — Palmer later lived.
Children of Jacob & Anna (Robie) Quimby:
1. +Jonathan Quimby, b. 18 Sep 1765 in Chester NH
2. John Quimby, b. 8 Aug 1769 in Candia, Rockingham Co NH; brought up by Col. Stephen Dearborn, and went to Stanstead PQ Canada. He married and his widow married James Varnum, son of James.

Jonathan Quimby, son of Jacob & Anna (Robie) Quimby, b. 18 Sep 1765 in Chester NH and d. 29 Nov [or 30 Dec] 1827 in Belfast ME. He m. 23 March 1790 in Chester NH to Susanna White, dau of William and Mary (Mills) White. She b. 21 Dec 1768 in Chester NH and d. 18 Aug 1827 in Belfast ME. The father, a blacksmith by trade, removed with his family to Belfast ME in 1804 from Lebanon NH, when Phineas was about two years of age [1804]. Their house in Belfast ME on corner of High and Spring street, opposite his blacksmith shop.
Children of Jonathan & Mary (Mills) Quimby:
1. William Quimby b 30 Apr 1792; d. 23 Jan 1879; m. Alphia Waton; Had ch: Aurelia Ann, Julia Maria, Mary Elizabeth, Sarah Elizabeth, Francis Augusta, Ellen Adelaide, William Edward, Herbert Converse, Robert C.
2. Daniel Quimby b 1794; d. 23 Sep 1830; m. Alice Towle
3. Sally Quimby b 15 Dec 1795; d. 6 Feb 1874 in Belfast ME; m. John Wales; had issue
4. Betsy Quimby, b. 25 Dec 1797; d. 23 March 1826; m. Job White
5. Johnathan Towle Quimby b abt 1799 Lebanon NH; d. 4 Dec 1842 Belfast ME; m. 1 Feb 1821 Belfast ME to Abigail Buckmore. Had ch: Betsy, Jonathan T. and Martin White.
6. +Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, b. 16 Feb 1802 Lebanon NH
7. Robert White Quimby, b. 11 Dec 1804; m. 30 Oct 1831 Hannah Giles. Had ch: Frances Olive, Susan, Charles Giles, Annie E., and William H.

Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, son of Jonathan & Susannah (White) Quimby was born in the town of Lebanon NH, 16 Feb 1802 [his birth was also recorded in Belfast, Maine not an unusual occurrence] and died in Belfast ME 16 January 1866 of “bilious fever and tumor.”   His parents moved to Belfast Maine when he was 2 years old. He attended the town schools irregularly and was apprenticed to a watch and clock-maker and later not only made clocks but became an inventor of some note. “His education, which was supplemented in mature life by reading, was however, for the most part derived from close observation , and from his own original experiments, his active, penetrating and inventive mind leading him to investigate.” He married 23 Dec 1827 in Belfast ME to Susannah Burnham Haraden, daughter of Deacon William White & Mary Mills. She died 19 April 1875. They are buried in Belfast, Maine.
U.S. Census > 1860 United States Federal Census > Maine > Waldo > Belfast
P.P. Quimby 58 M [occup] M.D. 3500/1500 NH
Susanna Quimby 57 F Maine
Augusta Quimby 26 F Maine
George A. Quimby 19 M Maine
Children of Phineas P. & Susannah B. (Haraden) Quimby:
1. John Haraden Quimby, b 14 Feb 1829; d. 27 Nov 1899; m. 21 June 1859 Annie Maria Noyes. She b. 1838, d. 1925. Child: William Henry Quimby, b. 12 Oct 1863, d. 1932. He m. 4 Oct 1866 Annie Blodgett. She b. 1863, d. 1920.
2. William Henry Quimby, b. 19 Apr 1831 Belfast Maine; d. 14 Aug 1857
3.  Susan Augusta Quimby b. 26 Maine 1833 Belfast, Maine, d. 1928; she m. James Woodbury Frederick. He was born 1859, d. 1897.
4. George Albert Quimby, b. 8 June 1841 in Belfast ME, d. 1915; m. 8 June 1885 to Adelaide E. Chase, dau of George S. & Ellen M. (Brown) Chase. She b. 8 Apr 1859, d. 1939. Children: Katherine Chase Quimby, b. 22 March 1887 Belfast ME (m. Harry Carter & Harold Hollingshead); Elizabeth Augusta Quimby, b. 21 Apr 1888 in Belfast ME (m. Charles Chipman Pineo)

Madison New Hampshire’s Aviation Innovators: The Amazing Granville Family

On June 14, 2008 the dedication ceremony for a historical marker will occur.

The sign is a gift from the New Hampshire Aviation (NHAHS) Historical Society.  It has been placed on the front law of the Madison Historical Society, located at the corner of Village Road (Route 113) and East Madison Road.

This sleepy little town is the birthplace of an amazing family–the Granvilles.  Perhaps the most innovative of them was the eldest son, Zantford who was usually called by his nickname of “Granny.” He, along with his brothers and a brother-in-law formed the Granville Brothers Aircraft Company of Springfield, Massachusetts.  They designed and made racing aircraft, most notably the Gee Bee Model R-1.  Their most famous aircraft, the Super Sportster R, captured the world land plane record of 296.3 mph on September 3, 1932.

The historic marker reads:
Nearby is the birthplace of the Granville brothers: Zantford (Granny), Thomas, Robert, Mark and Edward and sisters Pearle and Gladys. With Madison natives Hiram Jones, Harry Jones, and Elson Ward, they formed the Granville Brothers Aircraft Co. in Springfield, Massachusetts, and designed, manufactured, and few notable racing aircraft of the Golden Age of Aviation. In 1932 the Gee Bee Model R-1 set a new world speed record of 296 mph. Their high performance designs represented the cutting edge of technology and dramatically influence military and civilian aviation. (2007)

This New Hampshire sign came about in response to a marker already in existence at the airport in Spartanburg, North Carolina, commemorating the last flight, and the death of “Granny” Granville, in his last plane, a Model E Sportster, at the age of 32.

The NHAHS newsletter states: “Through the efforts of former NH State Historic Preservation Officer, James McConaha, former NHAHS member Dick Bleakney, who now resides in North Carolina and Jack Ferns, a vision initiated in 1995 has come to fruition…”


*Additional Reading*

About Zantford & Granville Family

-Youtube: 1931 Movie of GB Ascender

-Youtube: Gee Bee


Thomas Glanvil/Glanvel/Glanuell, who m.  20 April 1743 near Hampton NH to Judith ‘Jude’ ‘Jeude’ Bryar/Brier; resided Stratham NH. Thomas possibly died 17 Jan 1749 at Stratham NH.  In May of 1747 ‘Thomas Glanvil’ witnessed the will of ‘Joseph Merril’ of Stratham NH along with Thomas Brier Jr.  In September of 1748 he is listed on Masonian papers, a Stratham petition. [A list of marriage from old church records in Hampton NH shows “Thomas Glanville and Judith Bryar, April 20, 1743.”]
Children of Thomas & Judith ‘Jude’ (Bryar/Brier) Glanvil/Glanuell:
1. Mercy Glanvil, b. 31 Jan 1744 in Stratham, Rockingham Co. NH
2. Anne Glanvil, b. 5 Sep 1745 in Stratham, Rockingham Co., NH; poss. the same Anie Granville who m. George Bickford of Durham NH [although her father may be Joseph son of John]
3. +Joseph Glanvil/Granville, b. 12 Aug 1747 in Stratham, Rockingham Co., NH

Joseph Granville, son of Thomas & Jude (?Brier) Glanvil, b 12 Aug 1747 in Stratham, Rockingham Co., NH; died in Parsonfield Maine; m1) abt 1768 to Molly Dearborn; he m2) abt 1784 to Molly Sanborn. [Reportedly he served as a private in the Revolution.]
Children of Joseph & Molly (Dearborn) Granville:
1. Molly Granville, b. 22 Aug 1769 Durham, Strafford Co NH
2. Nancy Granville, b. 3 Apr 1771 Durham NH; m. Jonathan Kimball
3. Thomas Granville, b. 25 May 1775
4. +Stephen Granville, b. 29 June 1777
5. Mercy Granville, b. 25 Feb 1779
6. Joseph Granville, b. 15 June 1783, d. abt 1794
7. Hannah Granville, b. 13 May 1772; m. Ensign Kimball, res. Parsonfield ME; had issue
Children of Joseph & Molly (Sanborn) Granville:
8. Sally Granville, b. 5 Apr 1786 Parsonfield, York Co. ME
9. Lydia Granville, b. 16 May 1789 Parsonfield ME, d. 16 Dec 1880 Fairbury, Jefferson Co. Nebraska; m. 29 Sep 1808 to John Cram.
10. Fanny Granville, b. 25 Aug 1790 Parsonfield ME; m. Reuben Edwards
11. Elizabeth Granville, b. 15 June 1792 Parsonfield ME, d. 14 May 1866
12. George Granville, b. 30 Sep 1794 Parsonfield ME
13. Joseph Granville, b. 17 Aug 1798 Parsonfield ME

Stephen Granville, son of Joseph & Mary “Molly” (Dearborn) Granville, was b. 29 June 1777 and d. 28 July 1848. He married abt 1804 in Gilmanton, Belknap Co. NH to Ann/Anna Huckins, daughter of John & Hannah (Mudgett) Huckins, b. 27 Oct 1784 at Gilmanton NH and d. 12 Sep 1863.
Children of Stephen & Ann (Huckins) Granville:
1. Clarissa Granville, b. 14 May 1805 Conway, Carroll Co NH; d. 4 Sep 1894; m 19 May 1825 Elijah Taylor, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Davis) Taylor of Effingham NH.  He was a farmer, b. 12 Nov 1802 Effingham NH and d. 20 Oct 1883.
2. +Thomas C. Granville, b. 30 June 1807 in Effingham, Carroll Co. NH
3. Samuel Granville, b. 19 March 1809 Effingham NH; carpenter of Avon ME; d. 6 Aug 1846; m. Mary Barber.  She b 31 March 1802 in Maine and d. 15 Dec 1892 at Benton Harbor, Michigan.
4. Hannah Granville, b. 25 Sep 1811 Effingham NH; died unmarried 15 July 1891.
5. Stephen Granville Jr. b. 14 March 1813 Effingham NH, d. 6 Dec 1857 Danvers MA, age 44 yrs 8 months, carpenter, married Elizabeth Brackett Wilkins, nee Wiggin). Had 2 children b. at Danvers MA: George Stephen b 9 July 1846 and Sophronia Masury b 10 Apr 1849.
6. Joseph Granville, born Jan. 6, 1816 Effingham NH. Married Abigail Kennett, dau of Samuel and Anna (Kennett) Allard of Albany, Jan 4, 1838. She b. 1 Dec 1818 at Albany NY and d. 16 March 1893. He was a Free Baptist Minister Licensed to preach by the Sandwich Quarterly Meeting, May 26, 1863 and May 24, 1864. Acting pastor, Second Church, Tamworth 1868-4; First Church, Strafford, June 1864-5. Ordained by the New Durham Quarterly Meeting, at Gonic, Rochester Jan 11, 1865; Pastor, East Hebron ME 1866-8; Edgecomb, ME 1868-72; Labored in Nova Scotia 1872; Without charge, Dover June to Sep 1873. Acting pastor. Wilmot Flat, Spet 1873-4; North Weare 1874-5; West Charleston, VT, Canada and Brownfield ME, 1875-8; Fremont, April 1878-81. Without charge.
7. Maria Granville, b 23 Sep 1818 Effingham NH; d. 1868; m 1 Jan 1851 in Boston MA as his 2nd wife, John H. Grush, son of John H Grush of Brookline MA.  He was a barber, constable and was b. 1812 at Marblehead MA and d. 6 Sep 1880.
8. Oren H. Granville, b. 27 Nov 1820 Effingham NH; m. 8 Oct 1847 in Westford MA [rec 30 Jan 1847] to Catharine A. Dupee, dau of William & Catharine Dupee. She was b. at Westford MA 1823 and d. 29 March 1854.  He married 2nd 11 July 1854 at Cambridge MA to Mary A. (Satterlee) Collins, widow and daughter of Isaac and Sarah Satterlee.  She was b. at Ferrisburg VT in 1828 and d. 11 June 1896 at New York City.  He was a teacher, merchant, and soldier in the Civil War.
9. Dea. John V. Granville, b. 26 Dec 1822 in Effingham NH; d. 23 June 1901; m1st) 1 June 1853 Mary A. Chapman, daughter of Mark & Ruth M. (Wedgewood) Chapman.  She was b. 22 Sep 1828 at Parsonfield ME and d. 12 Dec 1864.  He m2) 9 Sep 1866 his second cousin, Olive J. Huckins, daughter of Nicholas E. & Nancy (Shute) Huckins. Their daughter (John and Olive’s) Bell married Oscar Jackson Avery, son of Stephen Avery, born 16 May 1865 in Rumney NH.
10. Sophronia A. Granville, b. 23 July 1825 in Effingham NH; d. 8 Nov 1877; m 28 Nov 1847 Cyrus Champion, son of William and Hannah (Penniel) of Effingham, farmer.  He b. Dec 1822 at Effingham NH and d. 20 Dec –.

Thomas Granville, son of Stephen & Anna (Huckins) Granville, b. 30 June 1807 and d. 21 May 1839/49 or 6 Dec 1857 in NH. He m. bef 1837 to Lucinda Kennett, dau of John & Sarah (Tuttle) Kennett.
Children of Thomas & Lucinda (Kennett) Granville: [? other ch]
1. John H. Granville, b abt 1833 in West Ossipee NH; died 15 May 1892 Alton NH; buried Alton Riverside Cemetery
2. Sarah Granville, b abt 1835 NH;  She m. Jacob B. Tuttle and died 28 Jun 1917 in Franklin, Merrimack Co. NH
3. +Thomas Granville, b. April 1837 in Ossipee NH
4. ?Almira Granville, b. 1847 in NH

Thomas Granville, son of Thomas & Lucinda (Kennett) Granville b. April 1837 in Ossipee NH, died 20 Dec 1903 in Madison, Carroll Co. NH; m. 21 July 1861 in Ossipee NH/or Tamworth NH to Lucinda Kennett, daughter of Ammi & Sarah (Chesley) Kennett. She was b. Oct 1841 in NH and died about or after 1920. [see his death record]
U.S. Census > 1850 United States Federal Census > New Hampshire > Carroll > Eaton
George Kennett 42 M Farmer 1500 NH
Emily Kennett 39 F NH
Sewell Kennett 17 M Farmer NH
Almira Kennett 4 F NH
Sarah A. Kennett 14 F NH
Thomas Granville 12 M NH
Polly Kennett 77 F Mass
Census > U.S. Census > 1850 United States Federal Census > New Hampshire > Carroll > Effingham
John Granville 27 M Farmer 1500 NH
Anna Granville 65 F NH
Hannah Granville 36 F NH
Mary Granville 71 F NH
Sarah Ann Granville 15 F NH
George F. Granville 6 M NH
U.S. Census > 1860 United States Federal Census > New Hampshire > Carroll > Madison
George Kenett 53 M Farmer 1600/1000 NH
Emily Kenett 49 F NH
Thomas Granville 22 M NH
Almira J. Granville 13 F NH
Sarah A. Granville 12 F NH
Henry Children 8 M NH
1870  >  NEW HAMPSHIRE   >  CARROLL  >  MADISON  Series: M593  Roll: 837  Page: 327
Granvill, Thomas 32 M W Farmer 1200/1000 NH
Granvill, Lucinda 27 F W Keeping House NH
Granvill, Henry 5 M W NH
Granvill, Elma 2 M W NH
1880  >  NEW HAMPSHIRE   >  CARROLL  >  MADISON  Series: T9  Roll: 760  Page: 270
Granvill, Thomas W M 42 Farmer
Granvill, Lucinda W F 37 wife keeping House
Granvill, Henry L. W M 15 son at school
Granvill, Elmer W M 12 son at school
Granvill, Willfred W M 6 son
U.S. Census > 1900 United States Federal Census > New Hampshire > Carroll > Madison > District 13
Granville, Thomas Head M W Apr 1837 63 married 37 yrs NH NH NH Farmer
Granville, Lucinda wife W F Oct 1841 58 married 37 yrs 3 ch 3 living NH NH NH
Granville, Wilfred E. son W M Dec 1874 25 single NH NH NH Day Laborer
Child of Thomas & Lucinda (Kennett) Granville:
1. Henry L. Granville, b May 1868 NH; married Frances Thompson
2. Elmer Granville, b. 17 March 1869 in Madison NH; d. 26 Mar 1932 in Manchester, Hillsborough Co. NH
3. +Wilfred Edgar “Willie” Granville, b. Dec 1874 in Madison, Carroll Co. NH

Wilfred Edgar “Willie” Granville, son of Thomas & Lucinda (Kennett) Granville, b. Dec 1875 in Madison, Carroll Co. NH and d. 27 Oct 1932 in Madison, Carroll Co. NH. He m. 28 Nov 1900 to Isabelle “Belle” Savary, dau of William Henry & Mary Elizabeth (Wagner) Savary. She b. abt 1879 in Lasdale, Nova Scotia, Canada [see marriage record] and d. 14 May 1941 in North Conway NH. She  immigrated to the United States in 1885. She was a naturalized citizen. In 1920 they were living in Madison, Carroll Co. NH.
1910  >  NEW HAMPSHIRE   >  CARROLL  >  MADISON TWP Series: T624  Roll: 860  Page: 5
Granville, Willie Head M W 34 m1x 7 yrs NH NH NH
Granville, Belle wife F W 31 m1x 7 yrs 4 ch 4 living Nova Scotia NS NS
Granville, Zantford D. son M W 8 single NH NH NS
Granville, Thomas son M W 5 single NH
Granville, Robert H. son M W 3 single NH
Granville, Pearly dau F W 11/12 single NH
Granville, Lucinda mother F W 63 widow 5 ch 3 living NH NH NH
U.S. Census > 1920 United States Federal Census > New Hampshire > Carroll > Madison > District 16
Granville, Willie E. Head M W 44 married NH NH NH Farmer
Granville, Belle wife F W 41 married imm 1885 naturalized Nova Scotia-Eng NS-Eng NS-Eng
Granville, Thomas son M W 15 single NH NH NS
Granville, Robert H. son M W 12 single NH
Granville, Pearl dau F W 10 single NH
Granville, Mark E. son M W 8 single NH
Granville, Edward H. son M W 7 single NH
Granville, Gladys H. dau F W 4-11/12 single NH
Granville, Lucinda K. mother F W 77 single NH
Children of Wilfred E. & Isabelle (Savary) Granville:
1. Zantford [Zanforth] D. Granville, b. 2 September 1901 in Madison NH, he d. 12 Feb 1934 in Spartanburg SC
2. Thomas W. Granville, b 19 August 1904 Madison NH
3. Robert H. Granville, b. 12 June 1907 Madison NH
4. Pearle Granville, b. 11 May 1909 in Madison NH
5. Mark E. Granville, b. abt 1911 Madison NH and d. 1960; he m. Laurencia Patenaude. She m2) Mortimer P. Wall. She d. 9 Aug 1996 at Westerly Hospital in Rhode Island. They had a son, Mark Granville of Rocky Hill CT and a dau Deborah Trewhella of manchester CT. In 1935 Mark Granville is listed as living in Chicopee Falls MA at 1288 St. James Ave and in business with his brother Thomas as Granville Bros, auto repairs.
6. Edward H. Granville, b. 27 July 1912 Madison NH and d. July 1977 Silver Lake, Carroll Co. NH
7. Gladys Hoagland Granville, b. Jan 1915 Madison NH; m. 27 June 1938 in Madison NH to Hiram King Jones, son of Harry Hunter & Sadie K. (Weighman) Jones. He was b. 9 Sep 1909 and d. 6 July 1996 at Marlow, Cheshire Co NH. They had two sons, one being, James D. Jones of Madison NH

–Additional notes on this family–
During my research, it came to my attention that in the 17th century in England, there was a Granville family who often also spelled their name Granfield and Glanfield.  There are several possibilities for the Thomas Granvil mentioned here.  He could have been descended from the fishing families who settled on the Isle of Shoals, or possibly of the Granfield family that had settled in Salem, Massachusetts.  I’m providing some information on that family here to assist with research.  I believe these families are connected.

–Peter Glanfield b. abt 1630 England; res Dover NH/Salem/etc.; m. abt 1649 to Margaret — Dover NH. He was resident 1663 at Isle of Shoals NH.
Children:1. Ruth Glanfield, b abt 1650; m. 1675 to Henry Kirke. res Portsmouth NH and Ipswich MA. She married 2) Caleb Stevens.

–Robert Glanfield, of Salem MA, mariner; m 1665 Lydia/Lyddea Ward; [Glanfeild, Robert (1643-1702) & Lydia Warde; 12 Jul 1665 Salem]
had children:
1. Lydia Granfield, b 3: 7m; 1666 Salem MA
2. Abigail b 20 Apr 1668, Salem MA
3. Peter, b 7 June 1670, Salem MA
4. Robert b 27 July 1672, Salem MA
5. Sarah b. 16: 11mo: 1675, Salem MA

— Glanfield/Glanville, marriage, Daniel & Mary Moore 4 July 1676, by July 1676 Scarborough
— In 1678 one Hugh Glanfield of Salem MA had accused Harmons of treachery during her Indian captivity.

Some Sources
1. Personal research at Ancestry.com, HeritageQuest, and other electronic means.
2. Huckins family, Robert Huckins of the Dover combination and some of his descendants:
a reprint with corrections and considerable additions, including one more generation, maps and indexes of the article bearing this sub-title, published in the New England historical and genealogical register, 1913-1915, by Henry Winthrop Hardon
3. Genealogical and family history of the state of New Hampshire, Vol 1, Lewis Publishing Co., Chicago.
4. History of the town of Hampton, New Hampshire: From its settlement, Volume 2, By Joseph Dow
5. History of the town of Madison, New Hampshire


New Hampshire’s Mount Washington Cog Railway

The Mountain Washington Cog Railway is unique–it is the first cog railway built in the world, and it has the second steepest grade of any railroad in the world (it was first until the railway up Mount Pilatus in Switzerland was built).

Early photograph of cog railway.

In 1857 inventor Sylvester Marsh (1803-1884) climbed this mountain with a friend (Rev. A.C. Thompson, the pastor of the Eliot Church in Roxbury MA). When night came, bad weather was upon them (hurricane winds, freezing rain, etc.) and they lost their way. Finally almost completely exhausted, they came upon the Tip Top House.

Prior to this Sylvester Marsh had been involved in the meat-packing and grain-handling business. He had already built a  funicular railway up Mount Holyoke in Massachusetts (about 1/10 of the height of Mt. Washington).  He had already invented the mechanism to be used for the Mt. Washington Railway but had to fight through much opposition and ridicule to get his project approved. In 1858 he exhibited a model to the State Legislature, and received a charter to build it. (Reportedly one legislator suggested that he should also receive permission to build a railway to the moon).

The Cog Railway uses a “rack and gear” system that uses a toothed rack laid on the tie between the rails, and a gear on a driving axle of the locomotive that engaged the rack to secure between adhesion. Sylvester Marsh was awarded several patents specific to the Cog Railway. His earliest patent was dated September 10, 1861 and was for “locomotive engines for ascending inclined plans.” Another one, No. 44,965, dated November 8, 1864 is related to the atmospheric brake. Additional patents were awarded for improvements he made in the original.

In 1864-1865 he bought an inn called The White Mountain House and more than 16,000 ares of land in Crawford Notch. The base station was located where the Ammonoosuc River flowed onto his property.  The three mile railway right-of-way up the mountain was acquired by eminent domain.

First a turnpike had to be built to bring vehicles to the foot of the mountain (began in April 1866), following by the actual construction of the railway (began May 1866). The section to Waumbeck was completed in 1867 (3/4 mile), and to the top of Jacob’s Ladder in 1868 (1 mile). Finally the work was completed in July 1869.  The track and stations having cost about $150,000.  The railway was formally opened to the public August 14, 1868 when it was only completed as far as Jacob’s Ladder. Every piece of material for its construction (for both railway, locomotive and cars) had to be hauled up, through the woods by ox teams.

During the building of the cog railway, the workmen figured out a way of “rapid transit” to get back down the mountain using wooden plank “slideboards” that they called “Devil’s Shingles.” The slide-board was about three feet long and would rest lengthwise on the center rail. The braking mechanism was an iron handle that gripped the flange of the rail rightly. A dangerous practice, they were able to slide down the 3 mile long track within minutes. The death of an employee resulted in the railroad discontinuing that type of conveyance.

The first public trial trip of the engines upon the Mount Washington Railway, was on August 29, 1866. The guest riders included a large group of railroad presidents and other managers. In 1868 Sylvester Marsh was one of the officers of the Mount Washington Railroad, along with J.E. Lyon of Boston, Hon. Henry Keyes of Newbury VT, Judge Upham, Hon. Onslow Stearns and Nathaniel White of Concord NH.

In 1869, President Ulysses S. Grant, with his family visited Mount Washington. They ascended the railway and were pleased with their trip. During 1870 about five thousand persons were carried over the railway to the top of Mt. Washington. [See Granite Monthly, story in Feb 1903 by Alice Bartlett Stevens].  President and Mrs. Hayes made their fifth visit to the summit in 1877 (however it is uncertain whether they used the cog railway, or private car. In the summer of 1882 the railway carried up eleven thousand people to the mountain top.

The first locomotive (Old Peppersass) that was designed by Mr. Marsh was built by Campbell and Whittier of Boston MA (owned by Charles Whittier), and was used until it wore out. It was exhibited at the World’s Fair in Chicago in 1893, and continues to be on exhibit in New Hampshire. It had a vertical boiler and no cab.   The present type of locomotive was designed by Walter Aiken of Franklin NH. In 1883 the Manchester [NH] Locomotive works built the engine for a train for this railway.

In 1872-73 Mr. Marsh built the Fabyan House, on his property near the entrance to the base station. This hotel burned in 1951.

In 1867 a Swiss Envoy visited to see the railway and the Swiss Government asked for his help. In 1871 the Cog Railway was built at Mt. Rigi, in Switzerland, constructed from drawings and models provided by Marsh. In 1905 a similar cog railway was built up Uncanoonuc Mountains in Goffstown NH. This railroad is no longer in existence.

In 1976 the Mt. Washington Cog Railway was designated a National Historic Engineering Landmark.  The railway has been running continuously since 1869, except for a few years during the World Wars (i.e., 1918 and 1943-45).  The “Jacob’s Ladder” section (a trestle 25 feet high that angles upward at a grade of more than 37%) had to be rebuilt after the 1938 hurricane. It is a 3 hour round trip, with a 20-minute stop at the summit. Dress warmly as even though the weather may be mild at the bottom, the wind chill factor and fog at the peak will make this necessary.

New Hampshire Historical Marker #45,  was placed in 1967 at the base station road about 5 miles from the intersection of US Route 302. The marker states: “Completed in
1869 for $139,500, this unique railway was built through the genius and
enterprise of Herrick and Walter Aiken of Frankin and Sylvester Marsh
of Campton. Over three miles long, the average grade to the 6,293-foot
summit is one foot in four. Made safe by toothed wheel and ratchet, it
is the second steepest in the world and the first of its type.”

P.T. Barnum called the view at the top of Mt. Washington,
“the second greatest show on earth.” (And indeed it is). The photograph
shown above was taken in the 1930s by my father, showing the cog


*Additional Reading*

The Cog Railway (Official Site)

Last Run of Old Peppersass

Sylvester Marsh and the Mount Washington Railway

Mt. Washington Cog Railway History

1. The White Mountains: A Handbook for Travellers, A Guide to the Peaks, etc., by Moses Foster Sweetser; J.R. Osgood and Company Publishers; 1876
2. Mountain Washington in Winter, Or the Experiences of A Scientific Expedition….,” by Charles Henry Hitchcock, Published by Chick and Andrews, 1871
3. The Bay State Monthly; Vol III, May 1885, No. II
4. Exercises at the centennial celebration of the incorporation of the town of Littleton, July 4, 1884; by J.E. Rankin; Littleton NH, 1887


Thomas Marsh m. Mary Missing
Alexander Marsh (1628-1698) & Mary Belcher (1639-1678)
John Marsh (1678-1745) m. Sarah Wilson (1684-1747)

John Marsh, son of John & Sarah (Wilson) Marsh b. 14 Oct 1702 in Braintree, Norfolk Co MA and d. 7 Nov 1755 in East Haddam CT; he m. 30 July 1727 in Dorchester, Suffolk Co MA to Submit Woodard. She b. 7 Dec 1704 in Dorchester MA and d. 1 Apr 1788 in E. Haddam CT.
Children of John & Submit (Woodard) Marsh:
1. Elizabeth Marsh, b. 30 Apr 1729 in Braintree, Norfolk Co MA
2. John Marsh, b 22 Feb 1731 Braintree MA
3. +Edward Edmund Marsh, b. 19 Apr 1733 Braintree MA
4. Alice Wilson marsh, b. 5 Dec 1735 in Braintree MA
5. Submit marsh, b. 16 Aug 1738 in Braintree MA
6. Lemuel Marsh, b. 3 Aug 1741 in Braintree MA
7. Sarah Newton Marsh, b. 30 July 1745 in Braintree MA
8. Anna Marsh, b. 2 May 1748 in Braintree MA

Edward Edmond Marsh, son of John & Submit (Woodard) Marsh, b. 19 Apr 1733 in Braintree, Norfolk Co MA and d. 30 Dec 1811 in Campton, Grafton Co NH; He m. bef 1758 to Eleanor Holmes. She b. 1737 in/of Hadlyme CT.
Children of Edward E. & Eleanor (Holmes) Marsh:
1. Edmund Marsh, b. May 1758 E. Haddam CT;
2. +John Marsh, b. 1763 poss E. Haddam CT
3. Woodward Marsh, b. abt 1765 in CT;  was of Hadlyme CT; m. 7 Jan 1788 to Mary Cone
4. Holmes Marsh, b. abt 1767 in Campton NH
5. Sylvester Marsh, b. 1768 Campton NH; d. 22 June 1794
6. Newton Marsh, b abt 1770 Campton NH, d. abt 1773
7. Christopher Marsh, d. poss. W. Roxbury MA
8. Sarah Marsh, b. 1774 Campton NH
9. Alice Wilson Marsh, b. 1780, Campton, Grafton Co NH
10. Ebenezer Marsh
11. ?

John Marsh, son of Edward Edmond & Eleanor (Holmes) Marsh of East Haddam CT with his wife Mehitable (Percival) Marsh, traveled up the valley of the Merrimack River to settle in Campton NH in 1782. They settled on the east bank of the Pemigewasset River. History states they had 11 children.
Children of John & Mehitable (Percival) Marsh:
1.Newton Marsh, b. abt 1802 in Campton NH; m. Julia –. Had ch: Christopher (b abt 1833) and John M. (b abt 1842)
2. +Sylvester Marsh, b. 30 Sep 1803 in Campton NH, 9th of 11 children

Sylvester Marsh, was born 30 September 1803 in Campton, Grafton Co NH, the ninth of eleven children. He died 30 December 1884 in Concord, NH of pneumonia, and is buried in Blossom Hill Cemetery. He grew up in Campton NH (15 miles north of Franconia). At age 19 he left home, walking to Boston (about 117 miles). In 1827 he ran a meat stall at Quincy Market.   He was fascinated with railroad travel, being one of the first passengers on the first steam railroad from Albany to Schenectady New York. In 1833 he moved to Chicago Illinois, where he first opened a butcher-shop and then a meat packing-store on Dearborn Street between Lake and South Water Streets (at 340-6 N. Water Street). In 1837 he left for Dunkirk NY, returning a few years later to Chicago where he partnered with George W. Dole, as Dole & Marsh. He patented several devices including a lard-rendering device.   In the 1850s he invented a grain kiln that prevented spoilage of grain during storage, and spent a great deal of time experimenting with how to dry corn, using grain dryers.

He married 1st) 4 April 1844 in Monson MA to Charlotte D. Bates, dau of James & Eliza “Betsy” (Davison) Bates of Munson MA. They had three children, one dying young. At age 52 a widower with two children, he married 2nd) 23 March 1855 to Cornelia H. Holt, from St. Albans VT, daughter of Lumas T. Hoyt. They had three daughters. He and his family
removed to Jamaica Plain MA (a suburb of Boston).  In 1861 he returned to Chicago IL. In 1863 he moved to Brooklyn NY where he remained until 1864 when he removed to Littleton NH to work on building the Mt. Washington Cog Railway.   He lived there 15 years before removing to Concord NH. [Seee additional biography written by his great-grandson, Richard Joslin]
U.S. Census > 1860 United States Federal Census > Illinois > Cook > Chicago Ward 9
Sylvester Marsh 54 M Grain Dealer NH
Cornelia Marsh 34 F VT
John F. Marsh 15 M ILL
Mary E. Marsh 13 F ILL
Sylvester Marsh 4 M Mass
Geo H. Marsh 8/12 M Mass
Anne E. Ronno 28 F Servant Mass
Martha Dodge 24 F servant ME M Servant VT
U.S. Census > 1870 United States Federal Census > New Hampshire > Grafton > Littleton
Marsh, Sylvester 64 M W Railroad BUilder 40,000/24000 NH
Marsh, Cornelia 43 F W Keeping House VT
Marsh, Sylvester 14 M W attending school MA
Marsh, Cornelia 9 F E Attending School IL
Marsh, Jessie 5 F W at home MA
Marsh, infant, 1/12 F W NH
Clark, Mary 18 F W domestic Servant, Canada
U.S. Census > 1880 United States Federal Census > New Hampshire > Grafton > Littleton > District 96
Marsh, Sylvester W M 75 railroad manager NH NH NH
Marsh, Cornelia W F 54 wife keeps house VT Conn VT
Marsh, Jessie A. W F 15 dau at school NH NH VT
Marsh, Harriet A. W F 10 daughter at school NH NH VT
Sullivan, Sarah W F 23 employee, does house work NH NH NH
Children of Sylvester & Charlotte D. (Bates) Marsh:
1. John F. Marsh, b. abt 1845 IL
2. Mary E. Marsh, b. abt 1847 IL; she resided in New York, and died 20 August 1852 at the age of 36.
3. child who died young
Children of Sylvester & Cornelia H. (Holt) Marsh:
4. Sylvester Marsh, b. abt 1856 MA; in 1870 living with parents in Littleton NH
5. George H. Marsh, b abt 1859 MA, prob. died young
6. Cornelia Marsh, b. abt 1861 IL
7. Jessie Marsh, b. abt 1865 MA
8. Harriet Marsh, b. abt 1870 Littleton NH