New Hampshire’s Leading Suffragist, Human Rights Proponent and Philanthropist: Armenia S. (Aldrich) White (1817-1916)

Armenia S. (Aldrich) White of Boscawen and Concord NH

Armenia S. (Aldrich) White of Boscawen and Concord NH

Armenia Smith Aldrich, daughter of John & Harriet (Smith) Aldrich, was born 1 November 1817 in Mendon, Worcester Co., Massachusetts. In 1830 she moved with her parents to Boscawen NH, where she lived until her marriage.  She married a then stagecoach operator named Nathaniel White, who later became extremely wealthly, often crediting his wife Armenia for his success.

She was an “ardent friend and leading spirit of the anti-slavery cause,” and their home welcomed fugitive slaves as freely as others. She also supported the temperance cause, and women’s suffrage.

Her long-time friends included Lucy Stone, Julia Ward Howe, Mary A. Livermore and Frances E. Willard. She was the first president of the New Hampshire Women’s Christian Temperance Union, and was president of the New Hampshire Women Suffrage Association since its organization.

She was a member of the board of trustees for the New Hampshire Centenniel Home for the Aged; the Orphans’ Home, Franklin NH; and the Mercy Home, Manchester. She was active in the establishment of those organizations, and liberally supported them. She also was generous to the Universalist Church in Concord and many other charities, both local and general.

The steamship, "Armenia White," shown on Lake Sunapee, New Hampshire.

The steamship, “Armenia White,” shown on Lake Sunapee, New Hampshire.

During the first four years of their married life, on account of Mr. White’s occupation, they boarded; for eight years they lived on Warren street; from 1848 until the death of Mr. White they lived at their residence on School Street. Besides a farm of 400 acres in Concord NH, Armenia White and her husband had a summer retreat on Lake Sunapee called Pine Cliff. The flagship built and run by the  Woodsum brothers on Lake Sunapee in 1871 was named the “Armenia White” after her. It was a 101 foot long steamship that accomodated 650 passengers. (Nathaniel and Armenia White were financial backers). The steamer retired at George’s Mills in 1917 and was sold for scrap in 1939 for $100.

ALSO SEE: Concord New Hampshire’s White Park And Family [and genealogy of the White family]

**Family Tree of Mrs. Armenia (Aldrich) White**

George Aldrich/Aldredge, 1605-1683  [immigrant ancestor]. He m. 3 Sep 1629 in Derbyshire England to Katherine Seald. She was b 1610 and d. 11 Jan 1691 in Mendon MA aged 81. George Aldrich arrived from Derbyshire in 1631 or 32, had land in Dorchester MA set off to him in 1636 and was one of the original members of the church in that town. On 7 Dec 1636 George was admitted a Freeman. He later removed to Braintree about 1644 and after to Mendon MA in 1663.  “June 9, 1663, George Aldridge, Taylor, and Katherine his wife, conveyed to Richard Thayer for thirty pounds sterling, one dwelling house at Monoticot in Braintree, two orchards, eight acres bounded east and west on Richard Thayer, north on Joseph Crosby, south on Monoticot river.”  His will was dated 2 Nov 1681/2 and hed died in Mendon MA on 1 March 1682/3. His will was probated 26 April 1683.
Children of George & Katherine (Seald) Aldrich/Alldredge:
1. Abel Aldrich, b. June 1633 in England, d.y.
2. Joseph Aldrich, b. 4 June 1635 in Dorchester MA
3. Mary Aldrich, b. 16 June 1637 in Dorchester MA; unmarried
4. Miriam Aldrich, b. 29 June 1639 i Dorchester; buried 27 Jan 1640
5. Experience Aldrich, b. 4 Sep 1641 in Braintree MA; died there 2 Feb 1641/2
6. John Aldrich, b. 2 April 1644 in Braintree, died in Bridgewater MA; married with 6 children; m. Sarah –; They had son Jacob Aldrich who m. Margery Hayward. Jacob & Margery had dau Mercy who m. Israel Taft, son of Robert & Elizabeth.
3. Peter Aldrich, b. 14 Apr 1648
7. Sarah Aldrich, b. 16 Ja 1645/6 in Braintree mA; d. 27 Feb 1684/5 in Rehoboth; married abt 1655 to John Bartlett of Mendon MA; 8 children
8. Peter Aldrich, b. 4 April 1648 in Braintree MA; m. c1682 Mehitable Swazey, dau of John Jr. and Katherine (King) Swazey of Mattituck LI; had 3 children
9. Mercy Aldrich, b. 17 June 1650 in Braintree MA: d. 26 Sep 1702 in Weymouth MA; m. c1667 John Randlal of Mendon MA, son of Robert ahd Mary Randall. He was b. c1635 in Weymouth MA; 6 children
10. +Jacob Aldrich, b. 28 Feb 1652
11. Martha Aldrich, b. 10 July 1656 in Braintree MA: m. John Dunbar of Mendon MA; 1 child.

Jacob Aldrich, tenth child of George & Katherine (Seald) Aldrich was born 28 Feb 1652/53 in Braintree MA; He died 22 Oct 1695 in Mendon MA. He married 3 Nov 1675 to Huldah Thayer, dau of Ferdinando and Huldah (Heyward) Thayer of Braintree MA. She was b. 16 June 1657 and died after 1707 in Mendon MA. Jacob and Huldah settled on the Aldrich homestead in Mendon MA which Jacob inherited from his father. He was selected as town treasurer, moderator of the town meeting, selectman and a member of a committee to settle the town line between Mendon and Uxbridge MA. He died intestate. They had 12 children. [additional info on this line here]
Children of Jacob & Huldah (Thayer) Aldrich:
1. Jacob Aldrich, b. 7 March 1676
2. Abel Aldrich, b. 26 January 1678, died young
3. Seth Aldrich, b. 6 July 1679
4. Huldah Aldrich, b. 6 Nov 1680
5. Rachel Aldrich, b. 22 Feb 1682; d. 25 Nov 1690
6. Sarah Aldrich, b. 25 Oct 1683
7. David Aldrich, b. 23 May 1685; d. 15 March 1771 >> ancestor of Thomas Bailey Aldrich.
8. Peter Aldrich, b. 17 Oct 1686; died 1748
9. John Aldrich, b. 27 Nov 1688; d. 25 March 1750
10. +(Rev.) Moses Aldrich, b. 1 Apr 1690
11. Mercy Aldrich, b. 27 Feb 1692; d. 18 March 1693
12. Rachel Aldrich, b. 27 Dec 1694

Rev. Moses Aldrich, son of Jacob & Huldah (Thayer) Aldrich, b. 1 Apr 1690 in Mendon, Worcester Co MA and d. 9 Sep 1761 Mendon MA. He m. 23 Apr 1711 in Mendon MA to Hannah White, dau of Joseph & Lydia (Copeland) White. She b. 9 Dec 1691 in Mendon MA and d. 1761 in Mendon MA. Moses Aldrich was a versatile man and a noted Quaker preacher. He was also a farmer, had a blacksmith shop, a sawmill, a wine press. His tannery was located just over Muddy Brook on the road to Spindleville. Some of the hair from the hides tanned there were ploughed out of the ground about 1900. As a Quaker preacher, Rev. Moses was sent out as a missionary to all the colonies, Barbadoes, England and Ireland. Tradition says he secured funds from wealthy Quakers in Barbadoes to build the first Mendon Meeting House. Moses and Hannah had twelve children. All of the children lived until the youngest was 60 years of age.
Children of Moses & Hannah (White) Aldrich:
1. Abigail Aldrich, b. 18 Sep 1712 Mendon, Worcester Co MA
2. Mary Aldrich, b. 15 Feb 1714 Mendon MA
3. George Aldrich, b. 13 Jan 1716 Mendon MA
4. Mercy Aldrch, b. 28 Nov 1717 Mendon MA
5. Robert Aldrich b 11 Dec 1719 Mendon MA
6. Lydia Aldrich b 28 Oct 1721 Mendon MA
7. Thomas Aldrich, b. 24 Feb 1724 Mendon MA
8. +Caleb Aldrich, b. 14 Jan 1726 Mendon MA
9. Luke Aldrich, b. 9 Feb 1728 Mendon MA; d. 15 Oct 1804; he m. Hannah French dau of Dependence & Rebecca (Thayer) French on 20 June 1753. She was b. 18 Oct 1728. Their children (Aldrich) Esek, Catharine, Seneca, Watee, and perhaps others.
10. Alice Aldrich, b. 2 May 1730 Mendon MA
11. Moses Aldrich, b. 19 Apr 1732 Mendon MA
12. Aaron Aldrich, b. 3 Jan 1734 in Mendon MA

Caleb Aldrich, son of Moses & Hannah (White) Aldrich, b. 14 Jan 1726 in Mendon, Worcester Co MA and d. 8 Nov 1809 in Smithfield, Providence RI. He m. 1 Jan 1748 in Smithfield RI to Mary Aldrich. She b. 1727 in Smithfield RI. He married 28 June 1753 in Mendon MA to Mary Arnold, dau of Thomas & Susan (Comstock) Arnold. She b. 2 Oct 1730 in Smithfield RI and d. Oct 1816 in Smithfield RI.
Children of Caleb & Mary (Aldrich) Aldrich:
1. Susanna Aldrich, b. 25 Nov 1748 Cumberland, Providence Co., RI
2. Thomas Aldrich, b. 7 Apr 1750 Cumberland RI
3. William M. Aldrich, b. 3 Apr 1752 Cumberland RI
Children of Caleb & Mary (Arnold) Aldrich:
4. Susanna Aldrich, b. 25 Nov 1748 Cumberland RI, and died 30 April 1790, aged 43; she m. Israel Mowry, son of Elisha Mowry.
5. Thomas Aldrich b 7 Apr 1750 Cumberland RI
6. Hannah Aldrich, b. 2 Feb 1752 Cumberland RI
7. William M. Aldrich, b. 3 Apr 1752 Cumberland RI
8. Naomi Aldrich, b. 6 May 1756 Cumberland RI
9. +Naaman Aldrich, b. 6 May 1756 Cumberland RI
10. Joel Aldrich, b. 2 June 1758 Mendon, Worcester Co., MA
11. Augustus Aldrich, b. 9 May 1760 Mendon MA
12. Mary Aldrich, b. 8 Sep 1763 Smithfield, Providence Co., RI
13. Caleb Aldrich, b. 27 Sep 1764 Smithfield RI
14. Moses Aldrich, b. 15 March 1767 Smithfield RI
15. Lydia Aldrich, b. 29 May 1769 Smithfield RI
16. Arnold Aldrich, b. 1 Aug 1773 Smithfield RI

Naaman Aldrich, son of Caleb & Mary (Arnold) Aldrich, was. b 6 May 1756 in Smithfield, Providence Co RI and d. 19 Oct 1824 in Smithfield RI. He m. 6 June 1776 in Smithfield RI to Mercy Arnold, dau of Stephen & Rachel (Arnold) Arnold. She b. 4 Aug 1757 in Smithfield RI and d. 25 Feb 1826 in Smithfield RI. owned large tracts of land in Mendon MA, where he was an extensive farmer and cattle dealer.
Children of Naaman & Mercy (Arnold) Aldrich:
1. Mark Aldrich, b. 13 Oct 1777 Smithfield RI
2. Luke Aldrich, b. 22 March 1780 Smithfield RI; settled in Mendon MA when a young man and followed agriculture.  He m. Lucinda Thayer. Their son Benjamin Franklin Aldrich was b. in Mendon MA on 2 May 1828, and d. 12 Sep 1895. Benjamin married in 1856 to Urana S. Mowry, daughter of George Mowry and had four children: Charles Thorton Aldrich, Mary Louise (Aldrich) Woodbury wife of Henry Harvey Woodbury; Emma E. (Aldrich) Luther, wife of Howard Luther; and Annie Belle Aldrich.
3. Lucy Aldrich, b. 25 July 1782 Smithfield RI
4. +John Aldrich, b. 20 Jan 1785 Smithfield RI
5. Peleg Aldrich, b. 25 Nov 1787 Smithfield RI
6. Alpha Aldrich, b. 30 Aug 1790 Smithfield RI,  d. 28 July 1868 at Pleasant Plains IL. She m. 12 June 1814 to Levi Mowry, son of Jonathan Mowry. He b. 12 Jan 1790 and d. 10 Oct 1863 in his 74th year. Children (MOWRY): Mark Aldrich, Dutee B., Lyman, Lewis Aldrich, Marinda Ballou, Jarvis Hiram, Martin, George, James Heron.
7-9 three ch born at Mendon MA and Smithfield RI betwe 1790-1795, who died young
10. Lewis Aldrich b 18 Feb 1799 Smithfield RI
11. Maria Antonette Aldrich b. 9 June 1802 Smithfield RI

John Aldrich, son of Naaman & Mercy (Arnold) Aldrich, b. 20 Jan 1785 Smithfield, Providence Co RI, and d. 19 March 1865 in Concord NH. He m. 18 Jan 1810 to Harriet Smith, dau of Samuel & Hope (Doten) Smith. She b. 21 Feb 1795 in Smithfield, RI and d. 13 May 1872.  They removed from Rhode Island at the time of their marriage, and moved to Mendon, Mass., where he resided till 1830, when he made Boscawen his home, purchasing a farm on High street, near Salisbury line. He was a member of the Society of Friends. Through life, Mr. and Mrs. Aldrich manifested the frank, honest, sincere traits of character which are emulated by the Friends. They were progressive in their religious views, earnest in their efforts to do good, ever ready to help the poor, guided by a simple faith and trust which ever led them to a higher spiritual life. They were industrious and frugal, simple in their tastes, and patterns of neatness. They lived quietly and ostentatiously, beloved and respected by their friends and neighbors.
Children of John & Harriet (Smith) Aldrich:
1. +Armenia Smith Aldrich, b. 1 Nov 1817 in Mendon Worcester Co., MA
2. John Vespacian Aldrich, b. 9 Nov 1825 in Mendon MA; m. 1 Jan 1853 in Concord NH to  Olive French.

Armenia Smith Aldrich, dau of John & Harriet (Smith) Aldrich of Boscawen NH, was born 1 November 1817 in Mendon, Worcester Co., MA . In 1830 she went with her parents to Boscawen NH, where she lived until her marriage.  She died 7 May 1916 in Concord NH, and is buried in Blossom Hill Cemetery in Concord NH beside her husband. This blog post is about her, see above. [Also SEE White Genealogy in a separate post for additional details about her husband and children].

The Aldrich side of the family is shown here.  In addition, “on the maternal side Mrs. White’s ancestry includes the Pilgrims of the “Mayflower,”–Edward Doty, Francis Cooke and Stephen Hopkins, also Mr. Hopkin’s second wife, Elizabeth, and their daughter Damaris, who both came with him to Plymouth. Mrs. White’s mother, whose maiden name was Harriet Smith, was a daughter of Samuel Smith and his wife Hope Doten, who married at Plymouth MA 3 May 1791. The Doty-Doten Genealogy shows that Hope Doten, born in 1765 was a daughter of James and Elizabeth (Kempton) Doten, and was descended from Edward Doty and his wife, Faith Clark, through John and Elizabeth (Cooke) Doty, Isaac and Martha (Faunce) Doten, and Isaac and Mary (Lanham) Doten  Isaac being father of James and grandfather of Hope Doten.  White’s maternal grandmother, Elizabeth, wife of John Doty or Doten was the daughter of Jacob Cooke (son of Francis) and his wife, Damaris, daughter of Stephen Hopkins and his wife Elizabeth.



1. FamilySearch, Church of the Latter-day Saints,
2. Genealogical and Family History of the State of New Hampshire: A Record of the Achievements of Her People in the Making of a Commonwealth and the Founding of a Nation, Volume 4; Lewis Publishing Company, 1908, page 1628
3. Biographical review. : containing life sketches of leading citizens of Worcester County, Massachusetts.; Boston: Biographical Review Pub. Co., 1899; page 988
4. The descendants of John Mowry of Rhode Island; by William A. Mowry, Providence R.I.: Preston & Rounds Co., 1909.
5. Alldredge-Aldridge-Bracken-Nesmith families and their kin, by Memory Aldridge Lester; Chapel Hill, N.C.: Priv. print., 1957, page 3-4
6. The ancient iron works at Braintree, Mass, by Samuel A. Bates; So. Braintree Mass.: F.A. Bates, 1898.
8. Brief genealogies of the Tyler, Taft, Wood, Bates & Hill families, by Newell Tyler; Worcester, Mass; Printed by Tyler & Seagrave, 1882
9. Ancestors and descendants of Eugene Waterman Mason : including the Stursberg ancestry of Mrs. Mason, by Eugene Waterman Mason; Bernardsville, N.J.1968.
10. The History of Boscawen and Webster, from 1733 to 1878,  compiled by Charles Carlton Coffin, Concord, N.H.: Republican Press Assoc. 1878.
10. New Hampshire Women: A Collection of Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Daughters and Residents of the Granite State; New Hampshire Publishing Company, 1895; page 9.
11. Newbury, Arcadia Publishing 2009, page 47.

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