100 Years Ago: Heatless Mondays

Map showing “Heatless Monday” states
proclaimed due to a coal shortage. From the
Fort Wayne Sentinel newspaper of 18
January 1918.

Many World War I researchers have read about “Meatless Mondays” in the United States–an effort to conserve on meat and other commodities in order to be able to ship more food to Europe. A little known conservation of fuel was enacted on 16 January 1918 and dubbed “Heatless Mondays.”

According to the Ephraim Enterprise newspaper (Ephraim, Utah) of 4 January 1918, page 4, “the government began to tighten its control over industry and business for the purpose of furthering war efforts and protecting the public. .. in order to relieve a serious coal shortage which threatened to delay the shipment of war supplies to France, Fuel Administrator Garfield ordered a general shutdown of industry and businesses in all states east of the Mississippi River for a period of five days and ten succeeding Mondays.Continue reading

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New Hampshire WWI Military: Heroes of Dover

Photograph: Dover NH City Hall
(288 Central Street)  with WWI
monument shown on front lawn.

The City of Dover New Hampshire dedicated six historic monuments and markers to those who served and died during World War I. In this article, I focus on the largest of these, located in front of the Dover Municipal Building (City Hall) on Central Avenue.

Three plaques are affixed to a granite monument.[see photo][see descriptions of other Dover NH WWI monuments]. If any of my readers have additional information  on , or photographs of, any of these brave men, I hope you will leave a comment.  Continue reading

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New Hampshire’s First Flights and Early Aviators

Photograph taken in 1911 from the Boston
Journal of pilot Harry N. Atwood and a map
of stopping places along his
flight route.

A story on aviation was reported in the Portsmouth Herald on 13 September 1940.  At that time the New Hampshire State Planning and Development Commission for state airport development provided a basic listing of aviation firsts along with their recommendations for the site of future airports.

Using this information I have researched and compiled what you now read. In addition I’ve incorporated some aviation firsts written about previously here. And yes, I do know that there are other aviation firsts in New Hampshire, including Alan B. Shepard’s space flight in 1961,  and Christa McAuliffe’s space shuttle tragedy in 1986.  The present article is instead about New Hampshire’s earliest fights and milestones. Continue reading

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100 Years Ago: WWI and the New Year (January 1918)

Cold Weather Headline from Portsmouth
Herald of 31 December 1917

In most New Hampshire places newspapers were not published on New Year’s Day, however many were printed on New Year’s Eve 1917, and January 2, 1918. The following compilation is gleaned from those publications.

New England was in the grip of “the coldest weather on record” as the new year of 1918 dawned. Boston was reported 14 below zero (Fahrenheit), while Northfield Vermont shivered at 40 below and claimed to be the coldest spot in New England. Areas in New York State were reporting 69 below in some places. Continue reading

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New Hampshire WWI Military: Heroes of Portsmouth

Christening of Submarine 01 at Portsmouth NH
Navy Yard. She was launched 9 July 1918.
Photograph from Life Buoy magazine.

The Portsmouth Navy Yard was an important center of ship building during World War I, with the principal focus being the construction of submarines and small boats and repairing of warships.  The book, New Hampshire : a guide to the Granite state written by Workers … Federal Writers’ Project, states: ” When the World War broke out, the Navy Department became interested in submarine construction, formerly monopolized by two private companies, and elected to construct the first one in Portsmouth.” Continue reading

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