In the year 1823, expectations were remarkably different than today, both for preparation to enter Dartmouth College and the yearly curriculum. In 1823, for admission into the Freshman class, it is required that the candidates be well versed in the grammar of the English, Latin, and Greek languages, in Virgil, Cicero’s Select Orations, Sallust, the Greek Testament, Dalzel’s Collectanea Graeca Minora, Latin and Greek Prosody, Arithmetic, Ancient and Modern Geography, and that he be able accurately to translate English into Latin.
The course of instructions and study for undergraduates is as follows:
For Freshmen.–Livy, 5 books–Horace’s Odes—Cicero de Oratore, 2 books–in Dalzel’s Collect. Graeca Majora, Herodotus, Xenophon’s History, Homer, Hesiod, OElianus, Polyenus and Theophrastus–Adam’s Roman Antiquities–Tytler’s Ancient History–Walker’s Rhetorical Grammar–Review of Geography and Arithmetic–Algebra.
Sophomores.–Horace finished–De Oratore finished–in Majora, Thucydides, Plato, Isocrates, AEschines, Demosthenes, Xenophon’s Philosophy, Dionysius, Longinus, Aristotle–Excerpta Latica–Tytler’s Modern History—Hedge’s Elements of Logic—Blair’s Rhetoric, 2 vols.–Euclid’s Elements of Geometry–Trigonometry–Mensuration of Heights and Distances, Superficies and Solids–Surveying–Navigation–Gauging and Dialling.
Seniors.–Locke’s Essay on the Human Understanding—Edwards on the Will—Stewart’s Philosophy of the Human Mind, 2 vols.–Burlemaqui on Natural and Political Law—Paley’s Evidences of the Christian Religion—Butler’s Analogy of Religion to the Constitution and Course of Nature—The Federalist.
—from page 33, Gazetteer of the State of New Hampshire, by John Farmer and Jacob B. Moore; Other engravings by Abel Bowen. 1823